10 Most Active Volcanoes In The World
10. Santa María, Guatemala
Santa María Volcano is a large active volcano in the western highlands of Guatemala, in the Quetzaltenango Department near the city of Quetzaltenango. Its eruption in 1902 was one of the four largest eruptions of the 20th century. It is also one of the five biggest eruptions of the past 200 years.
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9. Galeras, Colombia
Galeras has been an active volcano for at least a million years, with andesite as the dominant product. It has erupted frequently since the Spanish conquest. A 1993 eruption killed nine people, including six scientists who had descended into the volcano’s crater to sample gases and take gravity measurements in an attempt to be able to predict future eruptions. It is currently the most active volcano in Colombia.
8. Mauna Loa, Hawaii
Mauna Loa is one of five volcanoes that form the Island of Hawaii in the U.S. state of Hawaiʻi in the Pacific Ocean. Mauna Loa has historically been considered the largest volcano on Earth. Mauna Loa has probably been erupting for at least 700,000 years. No recent eruptions of the volcano have caused fatalities, but eruptions in 1926 and 1950 destroyed villages.
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7. Taal Volcano, Philippines
Taal Volcano is a complex volcano located on the island of Luzon in the Philippines. It is the second most active volcano in the Philippines with 33 historical eruptions. The volcano had several violent eruptions in the past causing loss of life in the island and the populated areas surrounding the lake, with the death toll estimated at around 5,000 to 6,000.
6. Ulawun, Papua New Guinea
Ulawun is a basaltic and andesitic stratovolcano situated on the island of New Britain, in West New Britain Province, Papua New Guinea. It is one of the most active volcanoes in Papua New Guinea. There have been 22 recorded eruptions since the 18th century. The last few years have seen almost constant activity at Ulawun, with frequent small explosions.
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5. Mount Nyiragongo, D.R of Congo
Mount Nyiragongo is an active stratovolcano with an elevation of 3,470 metres in the Virunga Mountains inside Virunga National Park. The main crater is about two kilometers wide and usually contains a lava lake. Since 1882, it has erupted at least 34 times. On March 8, 2016, Goma Volcano Observatory discovered a new vent that opened in the northeast edge of the crater, following local reports of rumblings coming from the volcano. Some fear that this could lead to a flank eruption.
4. Mount Merapi, Indonesia
Mount Merapi is an active stratovolcano located on the border between Central Java and Yogyakarta, Indonesia. It is the most active volcano in Indonesia and has erupted regularly since 1548. On 25 October 2010, the Indonesian government raised the alert for Mount Merapi to its highest level and warned villagers in threatened areas to move to safer ground.
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3. Sakurajima, Japan
Sakurajima is an active composite volcano and a former island in Kagoshima Prefecture in Kyushu, Japan. The lava flows of the 1914 eruption connected it with the Osumi Peninsula. The volcanic activity still continues, dropping large amounts of volcanic ash on the surroundings. Earlier eruptions built the white sands highlands in the region. The most recent eruption started on May 2, 2017.
2. Mount Vesuvius, Italy
Mount Vesuvius is a Somma-stratovolcano located on the Gulf of Naples in Campania, Italy. Mount Vesuvius is best known for its eruption in AD 79 that led to the burying and destruction of the Roman cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum, as well as several other settlements. Vesuvius has erupted many times since and is regarded as one of the most dangerous volcanoes in the world because of the population of 3,000,000 people living nearby.
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1. Eyjafjallajökull, Iceland
Eyjafjallajökull is one of the smaller ice caps of Iceland. The ice cap covers the caldera of a volcano with a summit elevation of 1,651 metres / 5,417 ft. The volcano has erupted relatively frequently since the last glacial period, most recently in 2010. In March 2010, almost three thousand small earthquakes were detected near the volcano, The seismic activity continued to increase and from 3–5 March, close to 3,000 earthquakes were measured at the epicenter of the volcano.