They are considered to be the most important and influential people of the twentieth century. They revolutionized the whole world with their ideas, contribution to politics and other sectors of the society. They are considered to be the mentors of the new age politicians and other important persons. Check out the full list of most important peoples of twentieth century.
Most Important People of the Twentieth Century
10. Henry Ford
Henry Ford was born on July 30, 1863. He was an American captain of industry and a business magnate, the founder of the Ford Motor Company. Although Ford did not invent the automobile or the assembly line, he developed and manufactured the first automobile that many middle-class Americans could afford, a car that transformed the face of the automobile world. As the owner of the Ford Motor Company, he became one of the richest and best-known people in the world.
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9. Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Muhammad Ali Jinnah was born on 25 December 1876. He was a lawyer, a politician, and the founder of Pakistan. He was the most influential figure in Indo-Pak subcontinent’s history. Jinnah served as the leader of the All-India Muslim League from 1913 until Pakistan’s independence on 14 August 1947, and then as Pakistan’s first Governor-General until his death. His birthday is considered a national holiday in Pakistan
8. Mao Zedong
Mao Zedong, commonly known as Chairman Mao, was born on December 26, 1893 in Shaoshan, Hunan, Qing Empire. He was a Chinese communist revolutionary, poet, political theorist and founding father of the People’s Republic of China, which he ruled as the Chairman of the Communist Party of China from its establishment in 1949 until his death in 1976. His theories, military strategies, and political policies are collectively known as Maoism.
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7. The Wright Brothers
The Wright brothers, Orville and Wilbur, were two American aviators, engineers, inventors, and aviation pioneers who are generally credited with inventing, building, and flying the world’s first successful airplane. They were the most important people of the 20th century. The Wright brothers were the first to invent aircraft controls that made fixed-wing powered flight possible.
6. Adolf Hitler
Adolf Hitler was born in Austria. He was a German politician and was the leader of the Nazi Party, Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and Leader of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945. As dictator, Hitler initiated World War II in Europe with the invasion of Poland in September 1939, and was central to the Holocaust. He was the most debated personality of the century and a great German leader. He started the biggest war the world saw, and changed the entire face of the world by leading Germany throughout World War II.
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5. Winston Churchill
Sir Winston Leonard was a British statesman, army officer, and writer, who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955. He was one of the most important people of the 20th century and was best known for his leadership of the United Kingdom during the Second World War. Churchill won the Nobel Prize in Literature for his lifetime body of work, the prize cited “his mastery of historical and biographical description as well as for brilliant oratory in defending exalted human values”.
4. Franklin D. Roosevelt
Franklin Delano Roosevelt was an American statesman and political leader who served as the 32nd President of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945. He won a record four presidential elections and emerged as a central figure in world events during the mid-20th century and was one of the most important people of the 20th century.
3. Mahatma Gandhi
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on 2 October 1869 was an Indian activist and was the leader of the Indian independence movement against British rule. Gandhi led India to independence and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world. Mahatma Gandhi was the most important political figure in the history of India. Indians call him the Father of the Nation as he was the father-figure of Indian Independence Movement. Ghandi was Assassinated at 5:17 pm on 30 January 1948.
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2. Nelson Mandela
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela was a South African anti-apartheid revolutionary, political leader, and philanthropist, and the former President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999. He was the country’s first black head of state and the first elected in a fully representative democratic election. He served as President of the African National Congress (ANC) party from 1991 to 1997. Mandela served 27 years in prison, initially on Robben Island, and later in Pollsmoor Prison and Victor Verster Prison and was a controversial figure for much of his life. Although critics on the right denounced him as a communist terrorist, he gained international acclaim for his activism. Widely regarded as an icon of democracy and social justice, he received more than 250 honors including the Nobel Peace Prize and became the subject of a cult of personality.
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1. Albert Einstein
Albert Einstein was born on 14 March 1879. He was a German-born theoretical physicist who developed the theory of relativity, one of the two pillars of modern physics. His work is also known for its influence on the philosophy of science. He is best known by the general public for his mass–energy equivalence formula E = mc2, which has been dubbed “the world’s most famous equation”. He received the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics “for his services to theoretical physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect”, a pivotal step in the evolution of quantum theory.