Floods are surely one of the most brutal ways of nature to avenge humankind and other living forms on the earth. Extreme weather causes rivers to break their banks,while earthquakes often lead to tsunamis. Floods kill a jaw-dropping number people. Here is the list of top 10 deadliest floods.
10. Lisbon Earthquake and Tsunami (1755)
On the morning of the 1st of November 1755 one of Europe’s most powerful earthquakes struck Lisbon. In combination with subsequent fires and a tsunami, the earthquake almost totally destroyed Lisbon and adjoining areas. Seismologists today estimate the Lisbon earthquake had a magnitude in the range 8.5–9.0. By the end of the week 75,000 people in Lisbon had died as a direct result of the earthquake, making the earthquake of 1755 one of the most deadly natural disasters the world has ever experienced.
9. Hanoi/Red Rivar Delta Flood (N Vietnam 1971)
Deemed one of the most serious weather events of the century. A severe flood of the Red River in North Vietnam kills an estimated 100,000 people in 1971. The exact number of lost lives could have been much higher, but because the Vietnam War was going on at the time, relatively few details about the disaster are available. so details about the flood are limited. As well as directly killing thousands of people, the flood also wiped out valuable crops, causing further hardship, especially as it occurred during wartime.
8. St Felix’s Flood (Netherland 1530)
On November 5th 1530, Saint-Felix Day, Zeeland was hit by a storm flood which was later named the Saint-Felix flood. The St. Felix’s Flood destroyed the city of Reimerswaal in the Netherlands and killed over 100,000 people, making it the one of the deadliest flood in human history. This day was later known as Evil Saturday. In addition to the destroyed city of Reimerswaal, considerable parts of Flanders and Zeeland washed away from the flood.
7. Messina Earthquake and Tsunami (Italy 1908)
In the early morning of December 28, 1908 a 30 to 42 seconds long earthquake with a reconstructed magnitude of 6.7-7.2 hit the Italian cities of Messina and Reggio Calabria. The cities of Messina and Reggio Calabria were almost completely destroyed and between 75,000 and 200,000 lives were lost. At least 91% of structures in Messina were destroyed. The origin of the tsunami of Messina is still today an unsolved geological problem.
6. Yangtze River Floods (China 1935)
In 1935, a major flood hit the Yangtze River in China when a heavy rain came across in July. The 1935 Yangtza River Flood caused great destruction. It was the one of the deadliest flood in recorded history, with a death toll of about 145,000 while injuring and dislocating millions.
5. Banqiao Dam Failure/Typhoon Nina (China 1975)
The Banqiao Reservoir Dam is a dam on the River Ru in Zhumadian City, Henan province,China. The dam began to collapse shortly after 1:00 AM on August 8, creating a rush of water up to 33 feet high and 7 miles wide in some areas, traveling at about 30 miles per hour. Its failure in 1975 caused more casualties than any other dam failure in history at an estimated 171,000 deaths and 11 million displaced.
4. Indian Ocean Tsunami (2004)
On Dec. 26, 2004 a 9.2 magnitude earthquake rocked the bottom of the Indian Ocean, releasing energy equivalent to that of 23,000 atomic bombs. The tsunami and its aftermath were responsible for immense destruction and loss on the rim of the Indian Ocean. Killing about 230,000–310,000 people in 14 countries. Indonesia was the hardest-hit country, followed by Sri Lanka, India, and Thailand.
3. Yellow River, Huang He (China 1938)
The 1938 Yellow River flood was a flood created by the Nationalist Government in central China during the early stage of the Second Sino-Japanese War in an attempt to halt the rapid advance of Japanese forces. The Yellow River flood of 1938 was purposeful. The exact location to destroy the dike was originally planned to be Zhaokou, but due to difficulties it was finalized to be at Huayuankou. Official Chinese estimates suggest that nearly 800,000 Chinese civilians died.
2. Yellow River, Huang He (China 1887)
The 1887 Yellow River flood was a devastating flood on the Yellow River (Huang He) in China. The flood happened after heavy rainfall put overwhelming stress on the dikes built to contain the river’s flow. The flood that began in September 1887 devastated the area, killing some 900,000 people. This flood caused great damage to near cities and towns.
1. China (1931)
The China Flood of 1931 was the worst natural disaster in recorded history. It consisted series of devastating floods that occurred in the Republic of China. The flood was almost certainly the deadliest of the 20th century. It is Estimated that the total death toll ranges from 2.5 million to 3.7 million. The areas which were most affected by the natural disaster were the Yangtze River, the Huai River, and the Yellow River. The flood began from July - November 1931 (depending on river).