Top 10 Most Powerful Colonial Empires of The 20th Century

During the 20th Century most of the countries were under the colonial rules. Some of those countries are very much advance today. These Colonial Empires were more powerful than any single nation or alliance of nations.The rule and control was of military, political, economic and cultural form.So here on Most Trending List we present the Top 10 Most Powerful Colonial Empires Of The 20th Century.

Most Powerful Colonial Empires of The 20th Century

10. Austro-Hungarian Empire

 Austro-Hungarian Empire

Often referred to as Austria-Hungary Empire. It was a constitutional union of Austrian Empire and Kingdom of Hungary. This Empire existed from 1867-1918. Austria-Hungary was a multinational state and one of the world’s great powers at the time. Austria-Hungary was geographically the second-largest country in Europe after the Russian Empire, at 621,538 km (239,977 sq mi). Austria-Hungary also became the world’s third largest manufacturer and exporter of electric home appliances, electric industrial appliances and power generation apparatus for power plants, after the United States and the German Empire.

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9. Italian Empire

Italian Empire

Italian Empire Comprised of colonies, protectorates, concessions, dependencies and trust territories of the Kingdom of Italy and, after 1946, the Italian Republic. It controlled a territory of about 780,000 square miles and a population of over a million and a half. Its main colonies included Somaliland, Eritrea and Libya. Libya was the largest and most important of the Italian colonies. Italy also controlled Rhodes, Dodecaneses and a little area of Tientsin in China. The last Italian acquisition was Albania in 1939. Italian Empire’s land was finally captured by British Empire which brought end to Massive Italian Empire.

8. German Colonial Empire

German Colonial Empire

Germany acquired Cameroon, Tanzania, Namibia and Togo. It also ventured into the south pacific acquiring northeastern New Guinea, the Bismarck Archipelago, and island groups to the northeast like the Caroline’s, Marianas, Marshall’s, Samoa and Nauru. In addition it seized a Chinese port city–Tsingtau. After the First World War, its various colonies especially in Africa were seized by Britain. Japan took over the lands in the Pacific. The German colonial empire ended after its defeat in the war and the Treaty of Versailles on 10 January 1920.

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7. Portuguese Empire

Portuguese Empire

Portuguese Empire was one of the largest and longest-lived empires in world history and the first colonial empire of the Renaissance. It existed for almost six centuries from the capture of Ceuta in 1415 to the handover of Portuguese Macau to China in 1999.  It however had a small size and an economy that had been weakened by several years of warfare. Its colonies included Angola, Mozambique, Guinea-Bissau, Cape Verde, Sao Tome and Principe, Goa, East Timor and Macau. In 1961 India took Goa from the Portuguese and it became an Indian state. In 1974 there was a new government in Portugal. It granted independence to Angola, Mozambique, Guinea-Bissau, Sao Tome and Principe, Cape Verde and East Timor in 1975.

6. Ottoman Empire

Ottoman Empire

The Ottoman Empire had controlled much of Middle East and North Africa since early 16th century. It was headquartered in Constantinople (later renamed Istanbul), Turkey. During the 16th and 17th centuries, at the height of its power under the reign of Suleiman the Magnificent, the Ottoman Empire was a multinational, multilingual empire controlling most of Southeast Europe, parts of Central Europe, Western Asia, parts of Eastern Europe and the Caucasus, North Africa, and the Horn of Africa.

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5. Empire Of Japan

Empire of Japan

Empire Of Japan was the historical nation-state and great power that existed from the Meiji Restoration in 1868 to the enactment of the 1947 constitution of modern Japan. Japan’s armed forces initially achieved large-scale military successes during the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937–1945) and the Pacific War. However, after suffering many defeats and following the Soviet Union’s declaration of war against Japan and invasion of Manchuria, and the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the Empire surrendered to the Allies on August 15,1945.

4. French Empire

French Empire

The French colonial empire constituted the overseas colonies, protectorates and mandate territories that came under French rule from the 16th century onward. A distinction is generally made between the “first colonial empire”, that existed until 1814, by which time most of it had been lost, and the “second colonial empire”, which began with the conquest of Algiers in 1830. The second empire came to an end after the loss of bitter wars in Vietnam (1954) and Algeria (1962), and relatively peaceful de-colonization elsewhere after 1960.

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3. Russian Empire

Russian Empire

Russian Empire was an empire that existed from 1721, following the end of the Great Northern War, until the Republic was proclaimed by the Provisional Government that took power after the February Revolution of 1917. The third largest empire in world history, stretching over three continents, the Russian Empire was surpassed in landmass only by the British and Mongol empires. The rise of the Russian Empire happened in association with the decline of neighboring rival powers: the Swedish Empire, the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, Persia and the Ottoman Empire. It played a major role in 1812–1814 in defeating Napoleon’s ambitions to control Europe and expanded to the west and south.

2. Soviet Union

Soviet Union

The Soviet Union emerged after the Russian Revolution of 1917. The union had control over a multi-ethnic society that was bigger than that of the Russian Empire. It also had a bigger military power. The Union underwent massive industrialization which led it to becoming a world superpower. It was in the 1980s that there was frustration over a bad economy and leadership that set off a series of independence movements. The Baltic states of Estonia, Lithuania and Latvia were the first to declare independence. Then in December 1991 Ukraine, the Russian Federation, Belarus, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan broke away from the union.

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1. British Empire

British Empire

 

The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states. It originated with the overseas possessions and trading posts established by Englandbetween the late 16th and early 18th centuries.  It controlled 14 million square miles of territory which was approximately one quarter of the earth’s surface. It had territories in every continent and ruled between 400 and 500 million people establishing a dominant position in global affairs. The main reason attributed to Britain’s dominance was its industrial advancement and technological innovation. In the second half of the 20th century, many countries got their independence from Britain

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